How the New Adoption Incentives Would Work

Since 1997, the federal government has rewarded states for finalizing the adoption of children in foster care. Aptly called the Adoption Incentives program, the name captures the reason for its existence: holding out a carrot to motivate states to find permanent homes for children in the system.

A bipartisan bill (H.R. 4980) agreed to by two major committees – Senate Finance and House Ways and Means – is an amalgamation of three laws on each side of the aisle.

It would very significantly alter the way that the incentives work. Among the changes: new incentive categories, new spending requirements for the incentives, and most importantly, a complete overhaul of how the incentive amounts are determined.

Here is a primer on what would change if H.R. 4980 gains the president’s signature.

How It Works Now

For the purposes of adoption incentives, states are currently measured on a fairly simple metric: current fiscal year performance compared to performance in fiscal year 2007, the existing “base year.”

There isn’t anything special about 2007. It was selected to mark a time at which many (but not all) states had reached a higher adoption rate after the first few waves of incentives.

Any positive difference between current year and 2007 yields an incentive award; any negative difference means no award.

There are three different incentives in play:

  • $4,000 for overall adoptions of foster youth
  • $4,000 for foster youth identified as “special needs”
  • $8,000 for youth between nine and 18

If there is a positive difference between current year and 2007, that difference is multiplied by these figures to determine the amount a state receives.

So let’s say Hawaii completed 200 adoptions of foster youths between nine and 18 last year, and in 2007 it completed 125. The difference of 75 would be multiplied by $8,000 giving that state a $600,000 bonus for adoptions of older youth.

Conversely, if the same state completed 300 adoptions of special needs foster youths last year, but completed 500 in 2007, it would receive no incentive on that line, because the current year total was below the base year.

There is also an “increased incentive” that the feds pay if a state achieves its highest total ever in an incentive category. The award payment is determined by taking the new record and comparing it with what would be expected for that year based on the previous single-year record and the current number of youths in foster care.

Under H.R. 4980, the calculation of this increased incentive would become the basis for all of the incentive payments; more on that below.

How the New System Would Work

The legislation agreed to by the committees last week would change the process in three significant ways:

New Awards

The bill replaces the existing three awards with four new categories:

  • $4,000 each instance for overall guardianship placements
  • $5,000 for overall adoptions
  • $7,500 for improvement on guardianship and adoption of children between the ages of nine and 14
  • $10,000 for improvement on guardianship and adoption of children older than 14

The new categories are aimed at pushing states to make more of an effort at finding adoptive homes for older youth, particularly those between the ages of 14 and 18. They also for the first time acknowledge guardianship placements as an incentivized option on par with adoption.

“Expected Adoptions” Instead of “Base Year”

The calculation under the new deal would scuttle the idea of a base year. It instead purports to measure the current “Performance Year” against what would reasonably be expected for that year based on recent performance.

This is determined by first establishing a base rate, which can be calculated in one of two ways:

1) Divide the previous year’s adoptions by the number of children in foster care before that year

2) Do the same thing, but for the previous three years to get their average

Either of those base rates is then multiplied by the number of children in foster care at the end of the year preceding the Performance Year.

Confused? Here’s an example using made-up numbers:

Suppose that, in 2015, Indiana finalizes adoptions for 540 children. In 2014, it finalized 400, and in 2013 there were 3,500 youths in foster care at the end of the year. At the end of 2014, there were 3,300 youths in foster care.

The equation: (400/3,500) x 3,300 = 377

So Indiana finalized 540 adoptions in 2015, 163 more than the 377 that recent history suggests it would have finalized. The state will receive an incentive of $815,000, which is the $5,000 award multiplied by 163.

What is the point of the extra math? To take into account that there is nothing really magical about the year 2007. Under the current system, the state might not have even received an incentive if it happened to have a boom year of finalized adoptions in 2007. If it had a lousy performance in 2007, it might have received more than the $815,000 under this new proposal.

The new structure would also reflect the fact that the incentives should take into account how many total youth were in foster care. Under this bill, Indiana received more money because it increased adoptions in a time period when the number of youth in care was declining; fewer potential adoptees yielded more adoptions.

It is worth mentioning that this concept of pegging incentives to continued performance will not be popular with everyone. The most consistent theme in the comments section of The Chronicle is the belief that children are set on a path to foster care and/or adoption so that the state can make money on it.

While it is hardly the intent of its authors, this newly proposed system essentially says: “Keep increasing the number of adopted children, and you’ll probably keep getting paid.”

Guardianship on Equal Footing

The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act, passed in 2008, allowed states that were willing to develop kinship guardian programs to seek federal reimbursement for those placements. The idea was to establish a permanent home for a youth (who would otherwise be in foster care) with kin who might not be comfortable with adopting, or who needed more assistance than the adoption process offered.

Under H.R. 4980, guardianship placements are viewed as an option of equal value to adoption. No version of the incentives has ever before paid out to states for anything other than a finalized adoption.

Reinvestment Required

Right now, there is not much regulation on what states do with adoption incentives. Under this bill, a state would have to spend 30 percent of any incentive money on post-adoption services.

This new requirement relates to another part of H.R. 4980 that requires states to track and report disruptions of finalized adoptions and guardianships, one of the most maddening blind spots in research in child welfare. The few sample studies on the subject suggest that up to 30 percent of adoptions fail.

The bill instructs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to develop a method for collecting data on youths who “enter foster care under supervision of the State after finalization of an adoption or legal guardianship.”

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John Kelly, Editor in Chief, The Chronicle of Social Change
About John Kelly, Editor in Chief, The Chronicle of Social Change 1213 Articles
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  1. i have a question. My kids were taken and i had sole custody they TPR involuntarily i have no criminal record no drug problems they took them as they were “highly adoptable children” I do not know were they are if they are together as they are like twins and very close together and i just want to know they are alive they are safe HOW can i find out if they are? I tried to keep my case open as long as I could so they would not Finalize a forced adoption as they are NOT orphans I have burdon of proof they stole my children for nothing but financial incentive I need help I just want to be apart of my kids lives. I want to be a mother to my children. They did not have me sign anything i refused so how is this able to happen a mother loses her children when she never gave them up? I am not allowed to be apart of thier life did they tell them I died as they did another family in this state and the child tried to kill himself so he could go home to be with his parents and they put him a nut house. What are they doing to our children and families! Please

  2. The reason a child is up for adoption is because they have spent time in foster care while social workers work with the biological family that can’t get their crap together and stop the drinking, drugging, arguing & fighting, or the urge to beat or molest their children. They usually spend this time in foster care. By the time is up for adoption, efforts have failed. In Tucson, however, children in foster care are handled by a private company that gets so much revenue in the foster care racket that they obstruct adoption efforts and eventually the kids age out screwed up and then into the “mental health industry”.

  3. Who ever thought this was a good idea? It must stop.

    It’s trafficking.

    State child trafficking.


  4. @mary brown – spot on. The $ has to stop. US tax dollars paid to fund this organization. Billions, in each state. It does’nt trickle down to the children. They get violently kidnapped, then drugged, to up the ante…more for disabled children.

    Child sexual abuse is a pandemic among white, upper middle class American fathers because CPS cant adopt out abused children. They have no value, deficit in fact. So they ignore and cover up abuse. They have no skill to accurately investigate child abuse. The legislation is constitutionally offensive. Therefore void. I say #endDHHSmess

    no more trafficking children from homes, school, hospitals – no more “family placements” for $ grubbing relatives – no more removals – no CPS – no more #childsupporthustleDHHS – creating a gender war.

    We must join together in solidarity against those who hurt our children. The effected, and the uneffected. Together.

    #endDHHSmess #stopCPS

  5. This is a Federal RICO case and the Attorney General refuses to respond. Too busy trying to find out who’s using public restrooms.

    • Attorney General is counsel for the “state”.

      Doncha know? PD also. represented by AG office through DA office.

  6. Well, I am unfortunate in that I live in Arizona, passed all the vetting , training and certification only to discover that the so-called “non-profits” that are the tail wagging the dog here, make too much money in the foster care racket and will do all they can to obstruct adoptions, which are seen as rustlers coming into their corral to take their cash cows. Despite having hundreds of children available for adoption, I have not met a single one. It’s a racket here and they are holding thousands in violation of their rights and much longer than the 1997 law permits because they’ve found a way to “flip” the kids in and out of their fake “therapy”.

  7. Its disgusting that 96% of children are removed from their families, parental rights terminated and adopted out when allegations of abuse are unsubstantiated. DCF is corrupt and steals children that are loved, cared for and very much wanted by the families they are being held from. The word Foster means …affording, receiving, or sharing nurture or parental care though not related by blood or legal ties. It doesn’t mean to take and never return.

  8. Really, I know someone that has a grandchild in the foster system, when the child first went in the child’s grandfather and wife did all the paper work jumped through all the hoops and dcf strung them along for a year then decided the foster family should adopt the child although they have the older grandchild dcf won’t let them have the youngest grandchild.They kept reassuring them they would have the child but then if a relative gets custody, dcf will no longer get any funding for this child,the kids want to be together, how is this the best interest of the children, what must the 5 year old be thinking when seeing the older sibling live with grampy, what is” wrong with me right”.

    • I am in Iowa. I was able to adopt one, who is no blood of mine, but not able to adopt my two birth grandchildren, all same family. DHS split this family with false accusations. I spent thousands of $$$’s in court and attorney fees and lost. The girl I was able to adopt lost her sisters due to corruption of DHS. The two little ones lost their family, have been placed in a very abusive home and have no contact with the outside world. How fair is this to a family of three who were as close as three peas in a pod?

    • We have almost the same event here, resulting for now in brothers less than 11 months apart both growing up in Monroe County separately! I’d love to share with you!

  9. It is disgusting that states are paid when children are adopted but there is no ‘reward’ if a family is saved. It is nothing less than human trafficking and the victims are our nations children. Yes not all parents should have their children but the federal government should not be in the business to pay states for separating children from their families.

  10. Someone commented on here that foster parents are in it for the money. I don’t know what you think they are paying us but I spend more on our bonus kiddos then the state reimburses us for and most foster parents do. At least the ones I’ve met. If we just wanted money we would work part time at mcdonalds. It would pay us more then we would get IF we weren’t spending a dime of the reimbursement money on the kiddos. Plus the hours would be better and less stressful But don’t worry, we spend the money on the kids and then some. And it is reimbursement money, they aren’t paying us for anything. What we do we do because we care about kids and want to help them while their parents learn to be parents and overcome their difficulties that are preventing them from providing a safe home for their children. I just wanted you to know so you will hopefully stop spreading holly woods inaccurate view of foster parents and if you believe the stereotypes about foster kids please don’t spread those too. Thanks, a foster mom.

    • Hi, I’m a foster parent also. and we cared for our great-niece for 5 months during which we were so busy we were very glad of the $69 or $99 a week, or whatever it was! But there is also a couple fighting to adopt one of our great-nephews, who have five foster kids, they prefer the “medically fragile” ones, they told me. Now at the higher rate of around $200 a week for special needs diagnoses, they must be getting around $1000 a week, right? This couple works hard to get the kids they prefer, and have done at least one closed adoption. Our family wants this little boy with his brothers or at least in an open situation where he can grow up with the advantage of his bio-family. In our eyes he is also completely healthy. Yet under current laws and incentives, the county wants to hang onto him. And if they get their way, he will have to grow up before he finds out just how much we do want and are fighting for him. It’s kind of a mess, and I wish our nations kids could be heard now.

  11. The biggest problem with this issue is that this whole system was conspired to be created through the U.S. Supreme Court and that average citizens with no resources have no guarantee of review.

    Th Adoption and Safe Families Act, brought to us by Hillary Clinton, changes the venue to a juvenile court, and argued by a Deputy Attorney General who also is in a position of power over the Pro Tem (apointed) judge who must side with the state as she is merely a temporary employee. The laws of the state and the ASFA hold no weight to protect these children.

    This is due to the misapplication of McKeiver v. Pennsylvania, which determined that Juveniles do not have the Constitutional right to a jury.

    After the ASFA, child welfare cases were to be named “In The Matter Of (child’s name)” in a forced denial of a parent’s 7th and 14th Amenbment rights, as tgese cases are civil actions against the parents in this case.

    Under the rules of the Supreme Court, review is not a right, but a privilege and all contesting will be denied for review until we storm the Capitol this November 14th and make our presence known, that adoption incentives are the problem and juries are the solution.

  12. “So… public school teachers, day care workers, and others who care for children as their profession – people who are skilled and qualified to do a good job at caring for children – shouldn’t get paid?”

    Lady, i hope whatever u r smoking was not bought with federal incentives. Innocent families said nothing about public school teachers and daycare workers not getting paid. And tbh no, foster parenting should not be a career. It should be a calling. Bottom line is that cps dhs dfacs etc are and have been money hungry and out of control for a long time, as well as corrupt. The constitution says in no uncertain terms that the right of a natural parent to actually BE FREE FROM INTERFERENCE From THE STATE is a sacred and protected God given right.

  13. My husband I are finding it very hard to adopt out of foster care. We made it all the way through we did everything they wanted yet they feel we would not be a good match for these kids. We only met with 2 times. We are appealing their decision through our state. I feel the laws need to change. I feel they should work with people who have a child or children in mind they would like to adopt and work with them to get children out of foster care.

  14. Wouldn’t making adoption more lucrative for the state reduce the likelihood of abusive foster homes who are in it for the money? If this law limits long term foster care, that would make it a bit less lucrative for nasty people who just want to foster to take the money?

  15. Our group encounters good families that are targeted for the sole purpose of taking the commodity, our children. The Adoption Incentives are compounding the problem. With the shift to have greater incentives for older children, you are going to see that teenagers who disagree with the parenting style of their good parents are going to go to Child Protection Services for ‘help’ and Child Protection is going to turn a parents punishment of ‘grounding’ a child into a psychological abuse allegation that current Family Court structures do not require that Child Services prove anything, only that Child Protective Services ‘believe’ that the child would be better off elsewhere. Fact is that Foster Care is one of the most dangerous places a child can end up. The cycle is well documented but because everything is being tracked separately, the public does not see the full picture. Removing children from their homes should be an absolute last resort and when it must occur, any financial assistance from anyone should be for the benefit of the child only and not the State, the Foster Parent, the Counselor, the GAL, the CASA agency OR ANYONE EXCEPT THE CHILD. It is pretty sad when someone can say that “I have fostered 15 children and adopted 5 children”. No child who is abused and truly in need of care, love, peace can get that in a home that is clearly using the system to earn a tax free living. Child Protect Service Agency’s across America are doing great damage to good families and their innocent children. So WE are standing up to protect families affected by a grossly inadequate system that the Federal Government is funding. Parents can either wake up BEFORE they become a victim or regret that they must take action as a victim. “Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.” – Albert Einstein

    • Albert Einstein For you to truly understand the system, you need to go thru the System and become a foster parent. In the years of fostering over 50 children I have only had two children in my care whose parents were innocent of the charges, they reunited within 24 hours. Yes we have adopted four children out of the system. Two were sexually molested as very small children,and their younger sister who was saved from this abuse. Our last adoption is a young man in a wheelchair requiring total care,who would have remained in the system until 18, and gone into a nursing home. Unless more families are willing to walk in sacrificial shoes, we will be faced with over whelming numbers of children without homes. The large financial incentives go to the agencies, not the foster families. Most foster families I know, receive 2-400 a month stipends. Try raising a child on those dollars, Einstein. Blessed

    • What validates permanent severance of child and parent?
      What cannot be supported or mitigated?

    • The parents sign their rights away; in our case it was to avoid prosecution or going directly to jail. One parent was prosecuted and sent to prison for 10 years anyway. The parents have to get jobs, and a home; pay their bills and take training; until the agency is satisfied they are ready to raise children. Our parents would not do any of those things; although they got to visit the children once a week if they showed up; this lasted 3 years and then they decided to sign away their rights.

  16. The most frustrating part is getting a child who has been traumatized at such a young age and never being able to know the scope of the trauma. The therapy that is provided by the state medical insurance often times is NOT adequate nor appropriate for the child’s needs. As the child grows older and gets sicker, the problems only get worse. Why? Because when a child is placed when they are 3.5 years old and the adoption is finalized before they start school, you don’t find out that they are fetal alcohol affected, or exposed prenatally to some drug or toxin until they start having problems learning abstract concepts in school, by then they are in the 3rd, 4th or 5th grade and the school districts won’t diagnose and you have to have a diagnosis to get your adopted child the Individualized Education Plan that they need at school so that their unique needs can be met by having the school environment shift to accommodate the child. You NEED the diagnosis so you go to your pediatrician, they will make a referral, you wait 3-4 months for an appointment, fill out more questionnaires and paperwork than buying a house, and after a few appointments, you wait another 3 months for the report. By then another very stressful school year has gone by, this child doesn’t have friends, behaviors escalate, intense services for mental health kick in due to an obsession with homicidal and suicidal ideations, and it wasn’t what worked because this child wasn’t able to allow it to. They did everything to sabotage the behavioral and mental health therapists that were there to help. It was heartbreaking to watch and maddening at the same time. Our family was starting to fall apart under the constant stress. Our other children were afraid of this child and of the death threats. Eventually, this child was placed in a group home for 6 months and the county of adoption declined all further mental health services. We became stuck in a fight between 2 agencies with neither wanting to accept responsibility for the mental health coverage. We were told by the DHSS Post Adoptions Dept. that if we tried to dissolve the adoption of this child, they would come and take our other adopted children from us. We were prisoners in our own home and yet we loved this child and did so much to help them. In the end, they are no longer with us. It’s been a little over a year and I will always love them and yet not miss the chaos. I didn’t just lose a child, I ended up losing my friends and family in the process. Adoption of an older child, even when they’re only 3 or 4 is is often times life consuming. There isn’t enough money to ever make go through the process again. Post adoption services are a joke, the quality of mental heath services available today is not up to the needs of the children and I can see why the system is so broken and overwhelmed by not having enough foster and adoptive families.

  17. I agree with you Helen. Unfortunately, the dollars they are referring to goes to the agencies making the placements NOT the families they are trying to find or the workers who’s job it is to make placements or find families for these children. For far to many years children ten or eleven and older were ‘overlooked’ instead of being ‘looked over.’ If a child of 14 said he or she did not want to be adopted no one questioned ‘why’ they didn’t. They looked at it as being able to move the child from active to long-term foster care and kept going.

    Believe me I know….the PUSH IS ON right now to get ‘tweens’ and teens adopted and I can only assume that now the dollars make it even more of a push than ever before. The interest should be getting more qualified loving homes for children rather than workers bringing their own biases to the table when selecting a home for the child. Sadly in many places we have thrown away, “in the best interest of the child” for “whatever works.”

    • The money creates a situation where the State is looking to take a child for any reason and does. Where fostering families are looking at the revenue that can be produced rather than honor of helping a child truly in need. Sadly, our group that supports families has seen state protective services across America shopping for foster children. One good example is a father and mother being charged with “Dependency and Neglect” when they forced their teenage daughter to mow the grass. The CPS report said that the work was potentially damaging to the child’s uterus. The petition further alleged the parents starved the child because their cereal containers had measuring cups on them and the child was only allowed 1 cup of cereal and that the child had not purchased school lunch in several days. What the report left out was that the child told them that she brought her lunch from home most days and that she was allowed 1 cup of cereal at a time to avoid waste. The child also admitted that she was mowing the grass for punishment because she had stolen a child’s iPod at school and been suspended. That child was placed in foster care for 1 year while the state attempted to strip the parents of their parental rights and place the child permanently in foster care. The only reason the child was sent home is that the parents began recording and had recordings where the state threatened them, told them the child wanted nothing to do with them and worse, the foster parent recorded child services telling them that the parents did not want the child. The foster parent told child services they could no longer keep the child because she was lying, stealing and would not follow the rules in the home which was disturbing the other children. The child services worker then spoke with the teenage child asking her where she wanted to go and she said “home” but was told “your parents don’t want you home so you have to stay in foster care.” The child services worker then began asking the child what kind of home they should look for, did the child want a swimming pool? Horses? Other children? A strict parent or a cool parent? It is simply nauseating and is the state committing child abuse by intentionally attempting to alienate the child against their own family. Why? Because the state would continue to receive funding for the child.

      The fact is, if someone wants to care for a child then they should do so out of the good of their heart. No money should be paid to the STATE or the FOSTER PARENT. The child should receive good health coverage by the state and a college education guarantee – that is where the Federal money should go – straight to the child’s insurance and schooling entitlement. As for this case, once child services knew the parents had the recordings they sent the child home. Yep, that simple, they were busted so they sent the child home but imposed a gag order on the parents so they cannot publicly discuss the matter without being in contempt of court (for now).

      Child are NOT commodities and should not be treated as such.

      Yes, we know their are good foster parents and children in need. As I write this, I am thinking of 23 year old child that I raised who came from a violent sexually abusive home. Never once did I ask to be paid or expect to be paid. I love her like my she is my own. SHE had a reason to be removed. I cannot imagine what would have happened to her if she would have had to bounce from home to home to home, all for the love of money. I hope every loving parent and foster parent will begin to listen to the stories out there because they are real. Good, healthy, happy, loved children and their families are in danger because of the billions of dollars pumped into “child welfare”.

    • ” if someone wants to care for a child then they should do so out of the good of their heart. No money should be paid to the STATE or the FOSTER PARENT.”

      So… public school teachers, day care workers, and others who care for children as their profession – people who are skilled and qualified to do a good job at caring for children – shouldn’t get paid? They should just do it out of the goodness of their heart?

      There is a huge misconception that parenting is some sort of natural ability that most people have and that it doesn’t require any skill or education. That’s wrong and it’s been shown time and time again by studies that people who are better educated about caring for children are better suited at caring for children.

      Why shouldn’t we try to recruit THE BEST caregivers for children by setting higher education and skill standards are compensating care-givers fairly? Why shouldn’t foster-parenting be a acceptable career?

      Why force the people who want to care for the children in our community who need it the most to have to work outside the home in order to do it? Because we set up that standard for all the other parents in our nation??? Well maybe we ought to take a step back and ask what’s best for the children?

      Would our nation’s children be best served by spending money in programs that force almost all parents to work outside the home or might we be able to follow the example of some other nations (with lower child abuse rates) who provide government assistance for ALL families with young children?

    • Some of the best parents can not afford to raise a child without help. These children have alot of issues and doctor/counselor appointments. You need childcare expenses to get a break and let me tell you it is crazy in a house with kids that have fetal alcohol syndrome, sex abuse issues, etc. It cost alot to find a person that will even watch a child with these type issues; usually a professional. The money most of the time goes to the children activities, clothes, etc so these kids can feel special. Yes money does help along with the love. None of the money is kept it all goes to the kids and the mental anguish you go through raising them and dealing with their issue, which are many and at a very high level. You may as well face it; you will have to have one parent home full time, so the two income home is not an option. I got calls from schools to come get the kids, so many times it was impossible without my wife being home full time. You will be in for a crazy roller coaster ride that last 20 years or more. My own kids are a piece of cake to raise; where these foster kids are the hardest job in the world to raise. I wish there was a way to pay the parents more, but it would most likely cause greed to seep in; it is a catch 22 for sure. But you definitely earn your wings for being a foster parent or adopting a foster kid.

    • Workers ought to have specialized training. From what I’ve seen, they only need some sort of a bachelor’s degree, any sort. Then after some brief training they get way too much power to judge what’s best for so many different kinds of children and families, and they don’t get much time to do that with each case.

  18. Due to the high rate of failed adoptions within the foster care environment. I personally feel there needs to be provisions made for tracking foster adoption successes, failures and repeated abuse. We can not trade quantity for quality. As a former foster child, it’s not about a home…. It’s ALL about family and feeling loved, valued and wanted. If we can not provide homes of this quality, we might want to rethink those cash payouts. Sorry for feeling a little offended for putting dollars above our heads…. At 51 you think it wouldn’t rub quite so deep, but it does. See why we need special homes, with special hearts? Hearts that are trauma responsive, foster educated and unconditional. You know, The ones where the lucky kids get to go. Every child deserves a home like that. Anything less, is about quantity and dollar signs. Let’s add some way to keep up with the adoptions and their outcomes, sibling visitations for sibling groups torn apart by adoption and ending monthly stipends to families who have returned a child into foster care after adoption.

    • Amen to this as a foster/adoptive parent fighting to adopt my daughter’s sister. The local court did’t follow the law of keeping sibs together. We went on to the Court of Appeals and they didn’t overturn it and now we may be on our way to the Supreme Court of Michigan because even though laws are in place about keeping siblings together, the agencies don’t follow them and continue to get away with it.

    • Agreed! I never went through it and even I can see the cruelty of separating siblings. It’s the part that’s been waking me up at night. It’s wrong and should be illegal. I mean, if the kids can’t be placed together we should be required to get them all together regularly. You never know which of your brothers and sisters you will want to lean on someday. And then there’s their entire extended families, that they lose for years! Sure some of them might not be great people, but some of them probably are! Let kids in the system explore their families for themselves, bio and foster/adoptive families. Family is a big deal. Watch what Rosie O’Donnell’s adopted daughter ‘Chelsea’ is going through right now. I think every kid who has been through being separated form their parents deserves as much family as possible!! Extra family even! 🙂

  19. sp the bounty for adoptable children goes up and your children are in even more demand, it’s a fine machine we have here. Do you see how the gears crush the American families while simultaneously rapes the child and eats her soul so that they are broken enough to feed the machine with her own children.

    • And I’ve been reading that foster kids are more likely to find their own babies going back into this system.

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